Korean Society of Leisure, Recreation & Park
[ Article ]
Korean Journal of Leisure, Recreation & Park - Vol. 47, No. 1, pp.41-53
ISSN: 1598-0413 (Print)
Print publication date 31 Mar 2023
Received 10 Feb 2023 Revised 15 Mar 2023 Accepted 24 Mar 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26446/kjlrp.2023.

대학생 운동 참가자의 사회적 지지, 기본심리욕구 및 동기 분석: 자기결정이론을 바탕으로

조희태1, 2 ; 이윤구3
1성균관대학교 부교수
3선문대학교 조교수
University students’ exercise motivation and its relationship with social support and basic psychological need: A self-determination theory approach
Cho, Heetae1, 2 ; Lee, Yoongu3
1Sungkyunkwan University
2Nanyang Technological University
3Sun Moon University

Correspondence to: Lee, Yoongu E-mail: ylee0406@sunmoon.ac.kr


The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among social support, basic psychological needs, and different types of motivation to understand university students’ exercise motivation. A total of 318 responses were collected from university students. This study conducted confirmatory factor analysis to assess the reliability and validity of the measurement model and tested hypotheses through structural equation modeling analysis. This study found that social support from friends had positive effects on competence, autonomy, and relatedness. In addition, three basic psychological needs positively influenced intrinsic motivation, identified regulation, and introjected regulation. While autonomy and relatedness negatively affected external regulation and amotivation, there were no significant effects of competence on external regulation and amotivation. This study extends the existing literature on exercise motivation and self-determination theory by providing empirical evidence.


basic psychological needs, self-determination theory, motivation, social support, exercise


기본심리욕구, 자기결정이론, 동기, 사회적 지지, 운동참여


The authors acknowledge that this study was not funded by any organization and appreciate Ratna Sari Binte Hussain for her help with data collection.


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