Korean Society of Leisure, Recreation & Park
[ Article ]
Korean Journal of Leisure, Recreation & Park - Vol. 46, No. 3, pp.83-92
ISSN: 1598-0413 (Print)
Print publication date 30 Sep 2022
Received 31 Jul 2022 Revised 08 Sep 2022 Accepted 23 Sep 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26446/kjlrp.2022.

The Moderating Role of Social Class on the Relationship between Motivation and Outdoor Recreation

Jun, Jinhee1
1Hallym University
여가동기와 아웃도어레크리에이션 관계에 미치는 사회계층 조절효과
1한림대학교 교수

Correspondence to: Jun, Jinhee E-mail: jjun@hallym.ac.kr


This study examined how the relationship between motivation and outdoor recreation varies between high and low social classes. Using multidimensional conceptualization of motivation, a model was tested where the effects of motivational dimensions on outdoor recreation were moderated by social class. Results indicated that social class was a statistically significant moderator, such that variation in the sign or strength of the path coefficients was observed between high and low social classes. For the low social class, outdoor recreation was positively predicted by the desire for learning and leisure experience while the need for social interaction had a negative impact on outdoor recreation. For the high social class, outdoor recreation was positively affected by the desire for solitude and self-reflection and leisure experience. The need for leisure experience had greater impact on outdoor recreation for respondents in low social class than those in high class.


social class, motivation, outdoor recreation


사회계층, 여가동기, 아웃도어레크리에이션


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